Are you considering buying a rabbit or two, but not sure where you will house them? You can design your own rabbit hutch to give them the perfect new home. The biggest question you will need to ask yourself is where you will place the hutch; the cages within indoor and outdoor hutches are very similar, but an outdoor hutch will need to have much better protection from the elements and potential predators. Select a spot for your hutch, whether indoor or outdoor, that is on a level surface that is not going to be affected heavily by the elements. Then design your hutch with your location in mind to make it as safe and effective as possible for your new pets.
The first part of a hutch that you will construct is the cage. Consider carefully how big you will need to make the cage so that your rabbit(s) will have enough space to be comfortable. Your cage should be at least four times as large as your rabbit could possibly grow, and you will need to multiply this size for a higher number of rabbits. To make the cage, you will need galvanized wire (either 14 or 16 gauge). Weaker wires will not be adequate to keep your rabbits in or predators out. You should use 1×2″ mesh for the sides of your cage and x1″ mesh for the bottom/floor of the cage. The best type of cage will be entirely removable from the rest of the hutch. To do this, create your cage entirely out of the galvanized wire, attach the various pieces with C-rings, cut out a section and attach a new piece for the door, add a latch to make sure your rabbits stay in, and be sure to smooth sharp edges when you have attached all of the mesh sections. Rabbits typically like to have a certain spot for bathroom use and a spot for sleeping that is separated from the rest of their room, so you may want to use dividers or otherwise make such arrangements. If this sounds like a lot of work and you’d rather skip the step of building your own cage, buy a ready-made rabbit cage from a pet or supply store and move on to designing the rest of your rabbit hutch.
Once you have completed your cage, you are ready to build a frame to put your cage in. Using wooden boards or plywood, give your cage a steady surface and some walls. Build your frame with hammer and nails, and use L-brackets for the place that the cage will rest on. Consider leaving room in your design for a drop tray that will allow you to clean up messes much more easily. A drop tray or other floorboard may be necessary of your hutch is outdoors since your rabbits will be vulnerable from beneath. Keep in mind what type of protections your rabbits will need. If they will be outside, your hutch needs to offer more safety from weather, temperature fluctuations, disturbances such as being shaken or bumped, and predators wanting to attack the hutch to get at your rabbits. If you do elect to build your hutch outside, you will need to construct a base that is at least 4 feet off the ground and will hold your hutch firmly in place. Either way, you want your frame to provide a sturdy and safe place to house your rabbits’ cage. You will also need to construct a roof for your hutch. If your hutch will be outdoors, choose a roofing material that will protect your rabbits as much as possible from rain, snow, and other things that could pose a threat to your rabbits’ health. If you use a saw to cut the wood to fit, make sure it is working correctly to prevent injuries. You can find great saw replacement parts here.
When your cage and frame are completed, you can add the finishing touches to your rabbit hutch. Provide water through a drip-feed bottle, and give your rabbits a tray or bowl for food. Give them some hay or shredded paper towels so they will be comfortable in their new home. You can also add some finishing touches to the outside of your rabbit hutch with custom woodwork or paint. When you are finished, you will have a home for your rabbit(s) that is both effective and protective, allowing you to enjoy your new pet(s).